A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF PRESENT PERPECT TENSE AND PRESENT PERFECT PROGRESSIVE TENSE
1.1 The Background of the Study
Tense is one of the most important parts in English. Tense is needed to speak in English correctly and fluently. It is in line what Patricia Wilcox Peterson says: “Changing Times, Changing Tenses”. It can be said that tenses can change in a different time or situation. But, the writer thinks there are many English students who are worried too much about tense. Is it so?
In the writer’s opinion, problem in tenses is to decide which tense to use in a given situation. In order to choose tenses correctly and easily, the students should understand the meaning of the tense itself. It is about the ‘time picture’ which is given in a situation, or condition. The students should know what kind of activities and states can be described by certain verbs. If the students have already known about the tense, so they would make a sentence easily and correctly.
Talking about tense, the writer insists to focus her paper on discussing the Present Perfect Simple and Present Perfect Progressive Tense and the comprehension about the usages of both tenses. Because, she thinks that many students still have not understand about the two tenses. For example, how to make a sentence in Present Perfect or Present Perfect Progressive Tense. How to determine a sentence in Present Perfect Simple and Present Perfect Progressive Tense, and other explanations about the Present Perfect Simple and Present
Perfect Progressive Tense. Finally, the students need to be able to choose an appropriate time markers to clarify the time picture.
A part from her great interest in tenses, the present perfect simple and present perfect progressive tense are also important to be studied by students, especially the English students and to know its use and differences. That is the writer’s reason as well as her background why she chose the title: “a Brief Description of Present Perfect Tense and Present Perfect Progressive Tense”.
1.2 The Scope of the Study
Describing Present Perfect and Present Perfect Progressive Tense in English is not easy. Therefore, in this paper the writer would like to limit the scope of the discussion on the meaning, the usages, the way of forming each tenses, and time signals. The writer also writes a little explanation about the similarities and differences of both tenses in meaning.
1.3 The Objective of the Study
In this paper, the writer wants to explain the uses and forms of the Present Perfect and the Present Perfect Progressive Tenses in English.
The writer just wants to fulfill one of the requirements to get Diploma III. Besides, she wants to explain the uses of the Present Perfect Tense and Present Perfect Progressive Tense, through their uses the similarities and differences can be found.
So, the writer hopes that the comparison of both tenses will increase and develop our knowledge of English grammar especially the tenses.
The objective of this paper is to find out the forms, functions, meanings, and the difference and similarities of using Present Perfect Tense and Present Perfect Progressive Tense in English and to improve our knowledge about tenses.
1.4 The Significance of the Study
Generally, the writer expects that the paper will give useful information to the readers as described as follows:
1. To introduce the readers about Present Perfect and Present Perfect Progressive Tenses in English.
2. To give the readers some explanation of meaning about the similarities and differences between Present Perfect and Present Perfect Progressive Tenses.
3. To arouse the interest of the readers to know and learn about Present Perfect and Present Perfect Progressive Tenses in English.
4. This paper can be used as a reference to know more about Present Perfect and Present Perfect Progressive Tenses in English.
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