THE ANALYSIS OF TENSES USED IN LEE CHILD’S NOVEL GONE TOMORROW
1.1 Background of study
Language is an important communication tool for people. By using
language, people can inform many things and express what they want to show of
their feeling. Language are different between one region with another: each of
them is different in grammar, not only in writing but also in speaking.
Language is the supreme means of formulating and expressing thought.
Human communicate by producing sound or the combination of words which
represent the object ideas and emotion of human thought.
From the above definitions, we may conclude that the main function of
language is to communicate to others. A good communication between someone
and others can be achieved if they are able to use language perfectly.
English has always been associated with grammar. Grammar is very
important role to form a pattern of good sentences. By understanding and
mastering the tenses, we will be able to speak English fluently. A tense is a
grammatical category that locates a situation in time, to indicate when the
situation takes place. The tenses are present, past and future. The description of
the time will change the form of sentence. This change of the time called tenses.
Bobby goes to school every day ( simple present tense)
He saw a good film last night (past tense).
I shall go to Jakarta tomorrow (future tense).
The language used in the novel to present the tenses and the exact
meaning of the language. And the tenses in the novel plays the important rule in
the sentence in order to make the reader understand the idea of its contains.
Moreover, its novel there are types of tenses used such as present simple tense
(simple present tense), past tense, future tense, and past future tense.
Based on the above explanations, I will analyze the use of tenses in the
novel because it is very important to influence our skill in English more deeper.
Besides, I want to know how often the tenses are used in those novel.
2. The Problems
The problems that writer would like to investigate are as follows :
1) How many tenses are there used by the author in the novel
2) What are the dominant tenses used in the novel by the author
3. The Scope of the Study
The writer restrict subject only about tenses. The tenses will be be
explained in more details. There are many things in English to be discussed. But
in order to make the readers not be confused. I just limit the study on the tenses
found in the Lee Child’s Novel Gone Tomorrow:
1) Present simple tense
2) Past tense
3) Future tense
4. The Purpose of the Writing
The Purpose of writing this paper are:
1) To Analysis of Tenses used in Lee Child’s novel
2) To find sentence tenses used in Lee Child’s novel
3) To fulfill the requirement to get a diploma certificate in English study program
at the of culture studies, University of North Sumatera.
5. The Method of Study
The method was applied for this writing is the library research. To
complete this paper, the writer will collect all the required data from the Lee
Child’s novel was published in the United States by Dell, New York (2009). So
it means the data are written in the novel.
In order to get the percentage of tenses that mostly occur in the Lee
Child’s novel, the following formula from Nawawi (1991: 150) will be used:
X= Number of tenses
Y= Total number of all data
N= Percentage of the tenses
X x 100% = N
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