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KUMPULAN ARTIKEL BAHASA INGGRIS TENTANG LINGKUNGAN HIDUP

          CADRE ENVIRONMENT AND COMMUNITY-BASED WASTE MANAGEMENT
In order to support community-based waste management in Jakarta, Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) in August 2007 until January 2008 did the study and development of community participation in waste management in RW 01 and RW 02 East Village Cempaka Putih, Central Jakarta. Implementation of these activities begins with training Recycling and Composting Household Waste which was held on October 7, 2007.
Environmental cadres trained by JBIC in the training amounted to 42 people consisting of cadres living in RW 01 and RW 02 (totaling 31 cadres) and who live outside the second RW (11 cadres). The number of neighborhood cadres living in RW 01 amounted to 22 people while in RW 02 amounted to 9 people. Seven cadres of them, serves as a cadre of Uli Cares Foundation. While the cadres who do not live in environments both consisted of RW Carter (4 cadres), members of NGOs (6 cadres), and Department of Health staff (1 cadre). With the program of JBIC, the total number of cadres environment in RW 01 and RW 02 Cempaka Putih Village East to 77 people were at first only 53 people. The composition is dominated by a cadre of neighborhood mothers (70%), the remaining men (30%).
The environmental cadres have a responsibility to invite the neighbors maintain the quality of the environment around their homes, especially the problem of cleanliness and recycling bins. The environmental cadres also have an obligation to provide the knowledge and skills of processing garbage to the needy.
To see the real activity of environmental volunteers, after training, monitoring is done on a regular basis. Implementation monitoring is also carried out at once for assistance and guidance to the cadre environment so if you have any difficulty in doing activities can be addressed immediately. Monitoring activities conducted by (i) direct interviews with cadres environment, (ii) questionnaires, and (ii) regular monitoring visits 3-4 weeks once all the environmental cadres. The researcher also coordinate with relevant stakeholders, eg Central Jakarta Cleanliness Sub-Department, Environmental teknlogi Center - BPPT, Uli Care Foundation, and the Government of Cempaka Putih Village East.
INTEGRATED WASTE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
RW 01 and RW 02 Cempaka Putih Village East is a densely populated residential area with a number of 1,265 families or about 5,060 people. It is estimated that the amount of waste produced 15 m3 per day. Trash residents dominated by organic waste, 65.55%. While other waste is dominated by inorganic waste paper bin (10.57%) and plastics (13.25%)


By some residents and environmental cadres of garbage they produce sorted out and then composted and utilized as a craft. The residue was then dumped into garbage bins temat. Bins used by enough people as diverse as plastic barrels, drums zinc, which cemented tubs, plastic buckets and plastic bags. However, Most of the trash containers used in the form of plastic drums and barrels for easy removable and not permanently in accordance with the road environment, mainly the alley that is not too wide and without sidewalks. Composter and garbage containers placed in front of the house or at the edges of the driveway.
Waste from households are not processed into compost and then collected into a wheelie bin every 2-3 days once complex and transported to the Integrated Waste Sites (TPST) Rawasari managed by the sanitation department in cooperation with BPPT Jakarta. At the dump site, most of the waste is composted and recycled, and others to put the indoor TPS pressed and transported to the landfill Bantargebang. Most small residual waste burned in the incinerator.
WASTE MANAGEMENT SELF
RT is one of the most prominent in waste management is RT 04 and RT 08 RW 01. Greening the environment in RT was started in 2004 by mothers who are members of the dasa house. Therefore, it is not surprising that in 2005 became the champion 2-level competition Greening Jakarta. Subsequently in 2006, greening and hygiene management get in the race award "Green and Clean 2006" organized by Uli Care Foundation.
From the study it is known that as many as 53% have environmental cadres through the trash and composting bins every day, while others do it 2-3 days. A total of 89% cadres compost environment every day because of the amount of organic waste reasoned bit. While others argued busy.
Composting organic waste among others, the leaves of trees, ornamental plants garbage, fruit peels, vegetable scraps before cooking, and food scraps. The dominant types of waste composted in the form of leaf litter, bark and fruit vegetables.
If viewed from the amount of waste that is composted, the amount of the amount of waste that is composted in RW 01 is also increasing. At the time before the pilot project running, composted waste that is estimated only 624 liters per month, but after a pilot project running garbage composted into 984 liters per month. In line with the increase in the number of composting, compost product number is also expected to increase from 156 liters to 246 liters per month.
Inorganic waste management is also important with composting. A total of 42% claimed to have a cadre of environmental re-use plastic waste, among others, to pots and crafts. While as many as 21% collect and give it to scavengers. But there was still a cadre of environmental (10%) who do not use it and direct their inorganic rubbish thrown into the trash as well as other waste residues.
Plastic waste which is generally used as pots bottle / glass of mineral water and plastic paint cans. While the plastic waste is usually made of plastic craft-thick plastic packaging and looking good.
One of the environmental cadres, Mr Hendrik (RT 08/RW 02), has been specifically utilizing plastic paint cans for raw materials composter ordered by Uli Cares Foundation to be distributed in various places in Jakarta. The paint cans are so designed and painted so colorfully attractive appearance.
Meanwhile, a cadre of environmental Mrs. Tri Darmayanti (RT 08/RW 02), has received special training handicraft raw material of plastic packaging Uli Care Foundation. The handicraft products such as handbags, purses, tissue holder, table cloth, carpet, etc.. Mom Tri also get assistance from the sewing machine Uli Care Foundation. Craft products are sold in some malls in Jakarta.
As in Banjarsari (South Jakarta), at the site also has a waste management as well as motivators Mrs. Bambang Wahono. Was almost the same age the late 70s, but his spirit is still burning.
JAKARTA GOVERNOR MESSAGE
To promote community-based waste management in Jakarta, they held an event attended by the Governor of Jakarta at the beginning of 2008. At the event, the Governor launched the "Community-Based Solid Waste Management Movement". The series of events include visits Jakarta governor and his staff to RW 01. After that, walk to the Governor TPSTs Rawasari complex which is about 200 meters. In the TPST reviewing Governor composting and recycling bins and regional scale to Indoor TPS. The visit to various places was followed by a dialogue with Jakarta residents about environmental problems faced. Governor Fauzi Bowo said in his speech that involves the participation of cadres and members of the community environment is very effective in reducing the trash that litter the more efficient transportation costs and the longer the life of the landfill Bantargebang. In addition, involving the community to process waste to benefit the community itself. Governor admits it took a long time to raise public awareness on garbage processing independently. Therefore we need community leaders and cadres determined to raise environmental awareness of the citizens to cultivate their own waste. ***

THE INTEGRATED WASTE TREATMENT (TPST) Rawasari

Integrated waste treatment facility (TPST) Rawasari first built in 2000 with funds from the budget in the Jakarta Government Activities in the Integrated Municipal Waste Management Towards Zero Waste. The activity is intended as a means of providing solid waste management in the Jakarta area.
Management TPST Rawasari implemented jointly by the Environmental Technology Center - BPPT (as a technology research institute) and the Jakarta Sanitation Office. In 2005, TPSTs Rawasari developed by BPPT by expanding the composting building and upgrading operations. Subsequently in 2007, in the machines installed recycling bins so TPSTs Rawasari more complete performance.
Currently Rawasari TPSTs development is also integrated with community-based waste management is carried out by RW 01 and RW 02 Sub-East Cempaka Putih, Central Jakarta. In the complex there Rawasari some waste management facilities are composting hall, various inorganic waste recycling machine, SMT Indoor, and a small incinerator.
Currently, most of the waste that is not processed solely by residents of RW 01 and 02 were taken to the dump site Rawasari complex. In TPST, partially composted and recycled garbage, and others to put the indoor TPS pressed and transported to the landfill Bantargebang. Most small residual waste burned in a small incinerator.
With the integration of waste management at the community level and in TPSTs Rawasari, the volume of waste transported to landfill is reduced, thereby reducing the cost of transporting waste and extend the life of the landfill. In addition, it was found also useful byproducts like composting, recycling plastic products, paper, etc.. Waste management model that can be replicated in other places according to the condition of the area.

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