Papers Volleyball History Pages Size Rule Technical Definition Field
History Games Volleyball Games Volleyball was invented by William B Morgan in 1895 in Holyoke ( eastern U.S. ) . William B Morgan is a physical education adviser at the Young Men Christain Association ( MCA ) .
The contents of this post ( Volleyball | History , Definition , Techniques , Rules , Papers , Articles Field Size )
Volleyball game in America 's rapid , so the 1933 YMCA volleyball championships held nsional .

Volleyball game later spread throughout the world . In 1974, volleyball was first played in Poland with enough participants . Then in 1984 founded the International Federation of Volleyball or Volley Ball Federation Internationnal ( IVBF ) which at that time consisted of 15 countries and is based in Paris .Volleyball game very fast development , among others due to :

Volleyball game does not require a large field .
Easy to play .
The tools used are very simple to play .
This game is very fun .
Possibility of accidents is very small .
Can be played in the wild or in a confined space .
Can be played many

Volleyball game entered Indonesia in the Dutch colonial time ( after 1928 ) . Developments in Indodesia volleyball game very quickly . This was evident at the National Sports Week ( PON ) 2nd 1952 in Jakarta . Until now the game of volleyball including one official sport competed .
In 1955 , exactly on January 22 established organizations Volleyball Indonesia ( PBVSI ) , chaired by W. J. Latumenten . After the parent organization 's volleyball , then on 28 to 30 May 1955 and the congress held the first national championship in Jakarta .
By looking at the volleyball game development is so rapid that it is precisely when the government chooses to play volleyball as a sport education in schools . Just in general a little volleyball game experiencing difficulties in introducing the proteges . The difficulty lies in the basic movement of the game of volleyball .
Basic Techniques Volleyball Games
1 . understanding Techniques
The technique is a process of giving birth and proof of a physical liveliness peraktek quickly as possible to complete the task is certainly in sports ( especially volleyball games branch ) .
Technique is said to be good if in terms of anatomical / physiological mechanical and mental requirements are met properly . When applied to analyze the achievement of maximum movement techniques , generally the teacher or trainer will be able to correct and improve ( Suharno , HP , 1983: 3 ) .
2 . Usefulness of Engineering In Sports Branch

Efficient and Effective to achieve maximum performance .
To prevent and reduce the occurrence of injury
To add a variety of techniques exist athletes during the match . ( Suharno , HP . , 1982 : 30 ) .
Athletes will be more stable and optimistic in entering the arena ( Engkos Kosasih , 1984: 109 ) .
3 . Ball Mastery techniques
To be able to control the ball perfectly to the fullest and at least one player must have abilities like being able to perform well and passing over the right of the basic technique is not negligible and should be trained with less well , one must understand and be able to really master the technique of control of the ball with good and continuous , ( Dleter Beullteshtahl . 1986: 9 ) .
To be able to play volleyball well , one must understand and properly - sll below can master control of the ball with good technique . By mastering the techniques and exercises control of the ball will be expected to continue to play volleyball is good and right .
4 . passing Down
Passing under the normally used by the arrival of a player if the ball is low, good for seregunya transferable to friends or to be returned to the opponent's field passes over the net or net .
5 . passing On
Passing over or passing the hand over is a way of taking the ball or pass over the head with the fingers . The ball is coming from above was taken with the fingers above , a little in front of the head ( Aip Syarifuddin , 1997: 69 ) .
Passing movement down and passing over the show that used at the time of passing the ball down the arrival of low or be in front of the chest , while passing over the coming ball used if above or soar . It can be concluded that in order to receive the ball better service and proper use of passing down compared to passing over , as most of the coming sevice ball low and be in front of the chest .
6 . service Down
Service is a way of doing a blow below the surface of the plot service by hitting the ball with his hands from below in an attempt to turn the ball in the game ( Aip Syarifuddin , 1997: 70 ) .Service under a service that is performed with hands down , straightened elbow and swing arm from back to front through the agency side , one hand holding the ball and the ball bounced spanking new . This service is very popular and frequently performed by novice players .
7 . service Above
Service above is the beginning of how to perform a blow down service with hitting the ball from the top of the head in an attempt to turn the ball into the game ( Aip Syarifuddin , 1997: 53 ) .Servise over many variations , the ball can be bounced with one hand or two hands , depending on the high- bounce ball mean punch and personal enjoyment of players . However , in principle, be undertaken in such a way that the ball bounced high , so that the whole series of hit motion into a movement that does not falter .
8 . service Side
Service side is doing punch beginning from the service with attitude standing sideways and weight is in the right foot ( for right-handed ) , palms facing up ( Mariyanto , 1995: 119 ) . The implementation of the service is the service side stand sideways to the left side of the body closer to the net ( for right-handed ) both tanga together holding the ball . By the time the ball will be bounced , then diliukkan body back and knees bent . Both arms stretched out to the right side , so the ball out of hand , then hand pulled aside the lower right , the weight is in the right foot , palms facing up , hands on the ball helped blow the body canting , prod pergelangn arm and hand movements so the ball after being hit hard and bounced with topspin .
9 . services Jump
Service is a way of doing punch jump starters in the service with jumping after the ball bounced with one hand or two hands ( Aip Syarifuddin , 1997: 59 ) . Service with a jump ball bounced done with one or two hands . As soon as the ball bounced and followed with a jump ball is arranged above the front head . When the ball is above the front of the head then immediately right hand struck the ball as soon as possible .
10 . Smash ( Spike )
Smesh or spike is hitting the ball movement is done with a strong and running the ball hard and fast , sharp and hard to take a dip and if your opponent blows it done quickly and right ( Aip Syarifuddin , 1997: 58 ) . In this lies the art techniques smash volleyball game , if players want to win the game then inevitably they must master the technique smash . Players who are good at doing a smash or the terms smasher must have the agility , explosive power , the exact timing and has the ability to hit the ball perfect . Volleyball players will be able to perform a wide range of variations of the smash when the player mastering the basic techniques smash is good and right .
11 . stem
Stem ( Blocking ) is a form of movement of one or a few players who are near net / forward ( Aip Syarifuddin , 1997: 58 ) . Purpose to cover or stem the arrival of the ball from the opponent's court , the way by holding both hands up to the right height that is higher than the edge or lip net .
During the blocking attention should be continuous to the ball , the position of the ball smasher and pendangan eye of the smasher . To adjust the direction of the smash , it is necessary to conduct a step or a step to the left or to the right with the intention that at any time can jump up to do the blocking .

passing On
1 . On passing Definition
Passing over control of the ball is an important technique to learn . Passing the above is meant to present the ball or pass the ball using your fingers to the opponent or the opponent directly to the field , in addition to passing over a good influence on the game but this is more pronounced in high-level games than at lower match .Passing the time doing the above should note a few things , such as that developed by Engkos Kosasih as follows :

Concentration to passing over .
Practice and adjust to the ball .
Watch and learn where to put the ball right place .
Know weak position opposing ( Engkos Kosasih , 1985: 109 ) .

Some ways of doing passing over the parmainan volleyball , among others :1.1 . Passing On Individuals

Place the ball under the body .
Both legs open , knees bent , so that the position of the body is in a state of half- squat .
The elbow is bent , stretched middle fingers and lies in front of the top of the forehead .
The attitude of the hand like a bowl .
The view toward the ball .
At the time the ball comes , the ball is driven with fingers , perkenaan hands on the ball first and second segments , namely the index finger to the little finger , while the thumb is only the first segment .
To assist the movement of the fingers , wrists moved towards the front of the top .
After the ball out of the hands , followed by limb movements and footsteps forward to maintain balance ( Edi Supaman , 1994: 91 ) .

1.2 . Passing Over to WallThere are some expert opinion regarding the passing over to the wall , among others :

Theo Khelmen and Dleler Kruber (1990 : 40 ) states : by passing over to the wall in a row it will be able to improve the ability to direct the ball .
Bonnie Robisson (1991 : 44-46 ) says one player must deepen the hand strength to drive the ball to the wall with a distance between 90-12 cm from the wall or walls . In this study determined the distance a person who will do the passing over to the wall as the implementation of the activities is 120 cm , this is based on the trial .

Perasarana Volleyball Games
1 . Size Field Volleyball GamesVolleyball game field rectangle with a length of 18 m and a width of 9 m , all field boundary line , the center line , the line of attack is 3 m area ( front area ) . The boundary line marked the boundary by using a rope , wood , paint / chalk , paper width is not more than 5 cm . volleyball game field is divided into two equal parts , each 9 x 9 meters breadth . In the middle of the field bounded center line that divides the field into two equal parts . Each field consists of the top areas of attack and defense areas .
Image Size Field VolleyballSize Field Volleyball
The area of attack is the area bounded by the center line of the field with a line of attack that the extent of 9 x 3 meters .
2 . regional ServiseService area is 9 meters wide area behind each end line . This area is bounded by two short lines along the 15 cm were made ​​20 cm behind the end lines , as an extension of the side lines . Both short lines are already included in the service area boundary , the extension service is a backward area until the end of the free area boundary .
3 . Net ( Net )Nets for volleyball games typically no more than 9.50 meters and width no more than 1.00 meters with patches or mesh size 10 x 10 cm , high- net for men and 2.43 meters to 2.24 meters daughter , top edge there are 5 cm wide white ribbon .
4 . Rod antennaIn the game of volleyball games that are nationally and internationally , in addition to net mounted above the rod or rod protruding upward as high as 80 cm from the edge of the net or net lips . The sticks are made of materials fibergelas with a length of 180 cm with a given color contrast .
5 . ballThe ball must be spherical made ​​of supple leather or synthetic leather made ​​from the inside of rubber or similar material . Color ball must be one color or a combination of several colors . Synthetic leather material and color combinations on the ball used in official international matches must comply with FIVB standards .Roving balls 64-67 cm and weighing 260-280 gm , the pressure inside the ball must be 0 , 39-0 , 325 kg/cm2 ( 4.26 to 4.61 psi ) ( 294.3 to 318.82 mbar / hpa ) .
6 . playerThe number of players in the field of play as much as 6 people per team and plus 5 as a reserve player and one player libero . The team consists of a maximum of 12 players , coaches cypress , a system coach , a trainer , and a medical doctor , except libero , one of the players is the team captain , he should be marked in the score sheet .

Ukuran Lapangan Bola VoliOnly registered players can enter the score sheet in the field and playing the game . By the time the coach and team captain signed the scoresheet registered players can not be replaced . volleyball
Bibliography - Volleyball | History , Definition , Techniques , Rules , Papers , Articles , Field Size

Kosasih Engkos , Sports Techniques and Exercises and Academic Programs , PersindoPoerwodarminto , General Dictionary Indonesian , PN , Balai Pustaka , Jakarta 1984Soeharno HP , Basics Volleyball game , FPOK Yogyakarta Teachers' Training College in 1982Soejono , General Coaching Science , FKIK FPOK , Yogyakarta 1983SyarifuddinAip , Sports Science , a new CV , jakarta 1991
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