Basically, the most important thing that must be considered by an author of scientific papers on this preparatory phase is the Topic Selection. That should be considered in the selection of topics is:

Selection of Topics / Issues for Scientific Work
There are several things to consider when deciding on a topic for scientific work. Must follow the rules for writing the truth content, assessment methods, and procedures that are scholarly writing. One way to meet these rules is to make the selection of topics is clear and specific. Election transform scientific kerya can be done in a way;

Formulate goals
The formulation of a clear and precise objectives to be very important to be able to produce scientific papers focused his discussion. Tips can be done to formulate such objectives;
1) Try to formulate objectives in a simple sentence;
2) Ask questions using one word question to the formula that we make;
3) If we can answer with certainty the questions we ask, then formulated objectives we make sufficiently clear and precise.
b. Determining Topics
The first step that must be performed to determine the topic is to determine the main ideas. Then test and ask yourself if the ideas that we are going to write.
c. Browse topics
When a topic has been determined, we still have to focus on these topics in order of writing targeted. Some steps that can be taken in focusing the topic;
1) Focus on the topics to be easily manageable;
2) Ask a question


Readers Identify Scientific Work
Liability is an author of scientific papers will satisfy the information needs of its readers, by way of conveying a message that is written to be easily understood by readers. Before writing, we have to identify who you think he will read our posts. It needs to be taken into account when we write scientific papers so that our posts right on target.


Determining the Scope of Scientific Content Matter
Coverage of the material is the type and amount of information to be presented in writing.

Libraries generally provide a wide collection of data or information that is recorded in various forms of media, such as print and audiovisual media. The first thing we should do when entering the library is to understand where the resources are needed. One of the places that we should aim at is the reference section. This reference section contains a collection of encyclopedia customarily, indexes, bibliographies, atlases and dictionaries.
1. Finding Books with Online Catalog and Card Catalog
Search Online Catalog book in a manner usually using a computer terminal. We can search for books by title and author's name are unclear or ask the computer to find the files associated with the topic we're writing. In addition to using a computer, we can also use the Card Catalog to search for a book or article that we need. In general, the book collection of the library recorded in three (3) types of card catalog, the catalog that contains data about the author / authors, titles and subjects / specific topics.
2. Checking Library Materials which has been obtained
After library materials collected we should examine these materials are appropriate or not to the topics we write. How to check out library materials are;
a. Set the time to read
b. Read selectively
c. Please read responsibly
d. Read critically
3. Making note of Library Materials
One of the best and simplest way to make this record was always refers to the index cards that we have created.

4. Creating Summary and 'paraphrasing'
In addition to making the record, we can make a summary or paraphrasing of reading materials that we get in the success of our writing project.

5. Making Citation
We must quote the exact and candid statement of reading materials that we use if the statement is a fundamental view of the author, and if we change into our own language to obscure the real meaning.
There are four things to consider when going to conduct interviews for the purpose of scientific writing projects, namely;
1. Determining the right person to be interviewed
2. Preparing interview guidelines
3. Conduct interviews
4. Processing the results of interviews 

Stage Writing is a manifestation of the preparation phase coupled with discussion conducted during and after the writing is finished .

Pre- Writing Stage
1 . The selection of topics and restrictions
2 . formulate goals
3 . Consider the shape of a bouquet
4 . considering readers
5 . Collecting supporting data
6 . formulate title
7 . formulate a thesis
8 . Formulation of ideas in essay form or outline

Selection of Topics
# What will we write ?
# Topic can be obtained from various sources .
# Four conditions: keterkuasaian , availability of materials , the attractiveness , usefulness .
# To be more focus , the topic should be limited .

Writing Stage Draft
- Expressing ideas in writing rough .
- Development of idea still tentative .
- At this stage , concentrating attention on the expression / idea , not the mechanical aspects .

Revision stage
- Improving the ideas in the essay , focusing on addition, subtraction , removal , structuring content according to the needs of the reader .
- Activities : ( a) re-read the entire draft , ( b ) sharing or share experiences on a rough draft essay with friends , ( c ) revise the reaction regard , comments / feedback .

Editing stage
- Improving the mechanical aspect changes bouquet .
- Improving essay on aspects of language and other mechanical errors .
- Mechanical aspects , among others : capital letters , spelling , sentence structure , punctuation , terminology, vocabulary , essay format .

Publication stage
- Posts will be meaningful and more useful to others.
- Adjust text with media publications that we are headed .
The last stage is the verification or evaluation , what is written as a result of the illumination stage re-examined , selected , and prepared in accordance with the focus of the writing . Maybe there is a part that does not need to be written down , or there are things that need to be added , and others . There may also be sections that contain sensitive stuff , so it needs to be chosen words or sentences are more appropriate , without losing its essence .
There are five criteria that we can use to evaluate any piece of writing as follows :

Focus .
What do you write about ? Any claim or defend your thesis ? These criteria are broad , with regard to the context , purpose , and coherence of a piece of writing . Is your topic is appropriate for the task ? Do you stick to the topic or doze off on tangents not help ? Are you focusing too careful or too much ? For example , an essay about the American Civil War in general may be too wide for most college essay . You might be better off writing about a particular battle , common , or events .

Development .
Development with regard to the details and evidence . Are you providing enough support material to meet the expectations of your readers ? A proper research reports , for example , usually include a lot of references and citations to many other pieces of relevant scholarship . A description of the painting might include details about the composition of the appearance , and perhaps even the biographical information about the artist who painted it . Decide what details to include a piece depending on the intended audience . An article about cancer aimed at children would look very different from the one written for senior citizens .

Organization , often called the " setting , " concerning the order and layout of the paper . Traditionally , paper is divided into , introduction body conclusion , and . Paragraphs focused on a single main idea or topic ( unity ) , and transitions between sentences and paragraphs are smooth and logical . A poorly organized paper rambles , drifting among topics unrelated to the haphazard and confusing way .

Style traditionally associated with clarity , precision elegance and . A stylist is effective not only able to write clearly for the audience , but they can also be fun with evocative language , metaphor , rhythm , or figuratively . Effective stylist struggled not only to make a point , but to make it properly .
These criteria include grammar , mechanics , punctuation , formatting , and other issues determined by the conventions or rules . Although many students struggling with the convention , the knowledge of where to put commas in a sentence is usually not as important as whether a sentence worth writing in the first place . However , excessive errors can make even a brilliant writer looks sloppy or stupid , a rare quality will impress the reader someone .


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