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KUMPULAN ARTIKEL BAHASA INGGRIS TENTANG KOMUNIKASI

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ORGANIZATIONAL COMMUNICATION

CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION

Already a nature that humans are social beings, who live together with other people in a group, tribe together, together in a region, state and nation. And live together with others that arise communications. In modern life such as communication now holds a very important role, because precisely of how communication is used, then the person can be successful, but also one of the ways communication can fail in achieving its goals. How we communicate in a common life that had been the one factor that is very important in life together, both within the organization or group.
Allah says in surat Al-Hujurat (49) verse 13, which reads:
Meaning: "O mankind, We created you from a male and a female and made you a nation - peoples and tribes that ye may know each other-know. Verily the noblest of you with Allah is the most pious among you. Surely Allah is Knower Know ".  Why communication is important in an organization? This question is often asked by those who "concern" to the phenomenon of communication studies and those interested in organizational symptoms. In fact, communication problems always arise in the process of organization. Even virtually, an organization without communication is like a car in which there is a series of automotive tools, which had no function in the absence of flow functions between one part and another. Conection communication is a system that connects the flow and raise the performance of inter-section of the organization so as to produce synergy.  Communications provides alalt-tool for decision-making receive feedback and correcting organizational goals and procedures. If communication stops the activities of the organization will cease. Thus individual activities are not organized.



CHAPTER II
DISCUSSION
2.1 Communication (communication)
As a science that can be applied in social life, communication is initially a process that a lot of rhetoric and journalism related to the formation of public opinion (public opinion). In science knowledge maps, communication was rated by many as science monodisiplin that in political science. However, because of the accumulation process in the development of science and more integrative science between one another that ultimately make communication as a multidisciplinary science. Wherewith disciplines provide input to the development of communication sciences include psychology, sociology, anthropology, political science, management science, linguistics, mathematics, and science of electronics. Various definitions of communication made by experts in the field of science.  Wilbur Schrarmm (Ashadi, 1987) stated communication as a process of sharing (sharing process), Schramm described it thus: "communication comes from words (language) Latin communis meaning common (common) or shared. When we communicate, we are actually trying to cultivate a relationship together (commonness) with someone. That we are trying to share information, ideas or attitudes. As in this description, for example, I'm trying to communicate with the reader to convey the idea that the essence of a true communication is an attempt to make the recipient or giver of communication have understanding (comprehension) is equal to a particular message ".
Communication refers to the act, by one person or more, which send and receive messages terdistrosi by interference (noise), occurs in a certain context, a certain influence, and there is an opportunity to do pedestals behind.  Communication will be effective in the event of understanding the same and others are stimulated to think or do something. So, communication with effective communication is not the same thing. Ability to communicate effectively will increase the success of individuals and organizations.
2.2 Organization (organization)  
Organization is a system, coordinate activities and achieve common goals. Is said to be a system for the organization consists of various sections that are dependent on each other. When one part disturbed it will take effect on other parts.  An organization can also be defined as a group of individuals who are organized to achieve specific goals. Number of individuals vary widely from one organization to another. There is a three-or four people working with very close contact. Others have a thousand employees scattered across the globe. What is most important in this regard is the work within their particular structure.  In every organization there are formal and informal structures. For example, in college organizations are formal academic structure, with the rector as its supreme leader, the dean at the next hierarchical level, both the department and the faculty next on the next hierarchical level. Through the structure so all university activities can be carried out. However, there are also informal structures within the hierarchy of the organization college, and in many cases crossed the line hierarchy structure.
In general, organizations have the following characteristics:
Organization is divided into two types, namely:
1. for-profit organizations (profit-oriented organization). The aim of this type of organization makes a profit. Profits are used to fund operations and floating organization. This type of organization is often also called a business or corporate organizations. In business organizations, the owner receives the largest economic benefits. For example, hotels, restaurants, banks, insurance companies, stores, and so forth.
2. non-profit organizations (non-profit-making organization). Nonprofit organization is an organization that is not profit-oriented or activities undertaken solely for profit. In this organization, or clients receive the greatest benefits. For example, hospitals, educational institutions, orphanages, Governmental Organization (NGO), and so forth.
The general objective of an organization is generating revenue. However, a variety of other purposes that support should also be achieved if the ultimate goal is to be met. So for example, in order to obtain income, the organization must maintain effective working akatan. To achieve this, the organization must have people who are motivated to be gained if the organization has a spacious parking lot, providing a bonus, the work environment is clean and comfortable, and so on.

2.3 Organizational Communication (organizational communication)
Organizational communication is the sending and receiving messages in a variety of organizations - in the organization's formal and informal groups. If the organization is getting bigger and more complex, then so does communication. In the three-person organization, communication is relatively simple, but one thousand members of the organization of communication is very complex.
Goldhaber (1986) gives the following definition of organizational communication, "organizational communications is the process of creating and exchanging messages within a network of independent relationship to cope with environmental uncertainty". Or in other words, organizational communication is the process of creating and exchanging with each other to overcome the uncertain environment or the always changing.  Wayne and Don proposed two definitions of communication are:
1. functional definition of organizational communication can be defined as the performance and interpretation of messages between communication units that are part of a particular organization.
2. interpretive definition of organizational communication is the process of creating meaning for the interaction which is the organization. In terms of organizational behavior that occurred and how they were involved in the transaction process and make sense of what was going on.
Deddy Mulyana proposed scope of the study of organizational communication (organization communication) as follows: organizational communication, both formal and informal, and takes place in a larger network of the group communication. Organizational communication often involves dyadic communication, inter-personal communication, and there are times when the public communication. Formal communication is communication by an organizational structure, ie, downward communication, upward communication, horizontal communication. While informal communication does not depend on the structure of the organization, just as communication between colleagues, also including gossip.
From the above there are seven key concepts in organizational communication:
1. Process. An organization is an open system that creates a dynamic and exchange messages between members. Because the symptoms of this information creates and runs constantly and there is no stopping it is said to be a process.
2. Message. The meaning of the message is a meaningful symbol arrangement of people, objects, events generated by the interaction with people. Someone must be able to communicate compile an effective picture message, so the message is sent it is defined the same as what is between the sender and the recipient.
3. Network. Organizations are made up of a series of people whose Each one particular position or role in the organization. Creation and exchange of messages from these people a set called  road communication network. A communication network may include only two people, some people, or the whole organization.
4. Depending on the state of each other. It has become the nature of an organization is an open system. If a part of the organization having will affect the other parts and possibly also to the entire system of organization.
5. Relationship. Because the organization is an open system, the system of social life for the functioning of the parts of it lies in human hands. In other words, a network through which messages in the course of an organization linked by. Therefore human relationships within the organization need to be studied include; attitudes, skills, moral performed by a supervisor.
6. Environment. The definition of the environment is the totality of all the physical and social factors are taken into account in making decisions about individual within a system. This environment can be divided into internal and external environment. Which includes the internal environment is the personnel, staff, and other organizational components. While the external environment of the organization is a subscription, competition and technology.
7. Uncertainty. The definition of uncertainty is the difference in the information available at the expected information.
The purpose of communication is not another organization in the process in order to establish mutual understanding (mutual understanding). Through a well-planned communication activities and substance contents, at least a process of dissemination (deffusi) organization dimensions on everyone.
Ignorance (misunderstanding) is a source of disintegration and conflict, because ignorance is a stimulus (stimulus) that generates (prejudice). Various demonstrations (demonstrations) the employee or employee dissatisfaction is not just a question of revenue and reward (reward), but more comes from their ignorance of the existence of the organization.



CHAPTER III
CLOSING

3.1 Conclusions
Some common things that can be summed up as follows:
1. organizational communication occurs within a complex open system that is influenced by her environment both internally and externally.
2. include organizational communication and the current message, purpose, direction and media.
3. organizational communication include people and attitudes, feelings, and relationship skills /

3.2 Advice
1. as a college student majoring in communication in particular and others in general in order to understand organizational communication, because wherever we are we going to meet with them. As well as organizational communication can also be used as a concept in the field of research later.
2. for readers who are active in the organization, practice if you are familiar with what we have presented.

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