THE PAPER OF DEFINITION AND HISTORY OF VOLLEY BALL IN THE WORLD



VOLLEY BALL 



CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION


A. Background


So far, there has been a tendency to give meaning only in the quality of education that relate to aspects of cognitive ability. This view has been brought due to neglect aspects of moral, morals, manners, arts, psychomotor, and life skills. With in  Law Number 20 Year 2003 on National Education System and Government Regulation No. 19 Year 2005 on National Education Standards will provide an opportunity to enhance a comprehensive curriculum in order to achieve national education goals.

Volleyball basic education is a means to encourage physical growth, mental development, motor skills, knowledge and reasoning, appreciation of the values ​​(attitude-mental-emotional-sportsmanship-spiritualsosial), and habituation healthy lifestyle that leads to stimulate the growth and development of quality physical and psychological well-balanced.

Judging from the development of Volleyball in the world who increasingly widespread and her anyway we as nation should know several generations of sports that is now one of the foundation of Indonesia is among the many sports that demand in Indonesia and even feverish Volleyball throughout  and do not miss out on the countryside. For that we must inculcate in our students the importance of science as well as a brief history Volleyball Volleyball.

B. Destination

Subjects Physical Education, and Health aims to make the students have the following capabilities:.
1. Develop self-management skills in the development and maintenance of physical fitness and healthy lifestyles through physical activity and sport one terpilih.yaitu Sports Volleyball
2. Improve physical growth and psychological development is more baik.di volleyball field. .
3. Improve the ability and basic motor skills in Playing Volleyball
4. Laying a strong foundation of moral character through the internalization of the values ​​contained in physical education, sport and health, especially in the field of Volleyball. .
5. Develop sportsmanship, honesty, discipline, responsibility, cooperation, self-confidence and democratic Volleyball. .
6. Develop the skills to maintain the safety of yourself, others and the environment.

C. Benefit

Hopefully this paper is very useful for the reader as well and can be used as a reference in giving instruction to the learners as well as to build a strong Indonesia to particularly in the field of sports Volleyball



CHAPTER 2
DISCUSSION



A. VOLLEY BALL HISTORY


History of Volleyball in Indonesia

Indonesia knows volleyball game since 1982 in colonial times physical education teacher brought in from the Netherlands to develop the sport in general and volleyball side physical education teachers, many Dutch troops play his part in the development of volleyball in Indonesia , especially with playing in the dormitories, open field and held a match between the Compagnie-Compagnie

Volleyball game in Indonesia is very rapid in all layers of society, causing clubs in major cities throughout Indonesia. With this basis, on 22 January 1955 PBVSI (volleyball unity throughout Indonesia) was established in Jakarta in conjunction with the first national championship.

PBVSI since it actively developing activities both to preformance and abroad till now. Development of the game of volleyball is very prominent as before the Asian Games IV in 1962 and 1963 in Jakarta Ganefo I, both men and Volleyball game entered an official event in the 1951 PON II in Jakarta and Yogyakarta POM I in 1951. developments after 1962 volleyball growing like mushrooms in the rainy season many volleyball clubs in the entire country the water .It also proven to match participant data in the national championship. PON and other sports festivals, where the figures show an increase in number. May be said to date a volleyball game in Indonesia finished third after football and fur first time in the history of Indonesia, PBVSI have to send Indonesian junior volleyball team to the World Championships in Athens, Greece which lasted from 3-12 september 1989. junior men's volleyball team was coached by Yano Indonesia Hadian assisted by Kanwar trainer, and coach of Japan's Hideto Nishioka, while physical trainer handed to Engkos Kosasih of field coaching PKON (national sports medical center) OFFICE MENPORA. In the men's volleyball world championships are, as the champion is:.
1. UniSovyet
2. Japan
3. Brazil
4. Bulagaria
5. Cuba
6. Greece
7. Poland

While Indonesia itself can only ranks 15.Dalam period under the leadership of chairman PBVSI General (Pol) Drs. MochamadSanusi, both existing associations of the amount of its current system and ongoing competition,; through activities conducted both at home and abroad.

B. VOLLEY BALL GAME MEANS

    Picture volleyball



    Volleyball court size

1. Course length: 18 m
2. Field width: 9 m
3. Line Width: 5 cm

    Net / Nets

1. Net length: 9.5 m
2. Net width: 1 m
3. Net eyes: 10 cm
4. Son pile height: 2.43 m
5. Princess pile height: 2.24 m
6. Antennae rood line: 10 cm
7. Height / length of antennae: 1.80 m
8. Center line diameter: 1 cm

    Ball

1. Circumference: 65-67 cm
2. Ball weight: 250-280 grams
3. Air Pressure: 0.48 to 0.52 kg / cm
4. Path of the ball: 12-18 pathways

C. VOLLEY BALL BASIC ENGINEERING

    A. Various Techniques and Implementation Passing

    Passing Down

How to implement it:

o Players do attitude ready.

o Both hands tightly and stretched straight ahead, arms make an angle of 45 º with the agency.

o the more humble posture by lowering the knee angle of 135 º to 45 º.

o Limbs begin extended upward somewhat forward, the ball under the outstretched arm straight. Shoot up their legs and arms must not tiptoe past her shoulders.

o Return to ready stance.

Various passing below:

1. Pass two Hands Down

2. Pass Under One Hand

3. Rolling Down Pass laterally

4. Scrolling backward pass Bottom Half

5. Pass Down Roll Forward

    Passing On

How to implement it:

Basically pass on is catching the ball over, touch and catapult back up, but because the movements are done very quickly, it looks like a bounce ball.

o Players do attitude ready.

o Agency stretched upward by straightening the legs, along with both hands stretched upwards, fingers gesture as if to summarize the ball.

o leg bent back until your knees make a 135 º angle, bent arm position above the forehead and the face in front of the ball is touched by the hand fingertips ².

o leg extended back until the ball bounced forward on tiptoe and top with the help of fingers and arms that moved up straight up.

o Return to ready stance.

Various kinds of passing on:

1. Pass Above Normal

2. Pass On Half Scrolling backward

3. Pass On Rolling laterally

4. Pass Up Jumped

    B. Various Engineering and Implementation Services
        1. Underhand Service

Players stand facing the net, left foot in front of right foot, left arm extended forward and holding the ball (for right-handed players, for the player's left hand instead).

The ball was thrown low and above, the weight rests on the rear legs, arms swinging freely moved backward and forward and hit the ball. While the weight was transferred kekaki front door.

The ball is hit with an open palm, wrist stiff and strong. The last movement is moving behind the fore legs.

Various kinds of underhand Service

a. Back Spin underhand Serve: The ball spins backward.

b. Top Spin (Cutting) underhand Serve: The ball spins up.

c. Inside Spin underhand Serve: The ball spins into.

d. Outside underhand Spin Serve: The ball spun out.

    2. Overhead Service

Players stand with the left foot is more forward and your knees slightly bent left and right hand together hold the ball, hold the ball left hand while the right holds the top of the ball.

The ball bounced to the left hand upward to a height of ± 1m above the head in front of the shoulder, and the right hand immediately pulled backward over the head with the palms facing forward, weight moved next to the rear.

Once the hands are behind the head and the ball is hand bat's length, then the ball is immediately struck with the palm of the hand, the arm must remain straight and the rest of the body part moves.

The ball was hit and directed by wrist movement, weight moved next to the front. Arm movement continued until past the other thigh.

Various Overhead Service

a. Top Spin Overhead Serve: The ball spins up.

b. Inside Spin Overhead Serve: The ball spins into.

c. Outside Spin Overhead Serve: The ball spun out.

d. Drive Overhead Serve: The ball spins up.

    3. Floating Service

a. Floating frontal Service: Ball float left & right.

The ball head is held high, arms almost straight. Sleeves that hit there in a straight or bent slightly, going back before throwing the ball.

Low thrown ball, the upper body is not moving, the wrist should remain rigid. The center of the ball is struck with the palm of the hand or the bottom of the hand grip. The ball hit the front side of the body of the player and there is no further movement

b. Floating Side Service: The ball floats toward vertical.

Players stand with both feet facing the side of the field. The ball is held with arms stretched about head height ². Beater arm swung backward rather. Weight is placed at the foot of the back, with your knees slightly bent.

Raised arms in a circular motion, low thrown ball. Arms stretched out and the ball hit the center of the body with hands clasped, as the ball bounced high in front of the player's body. Rotating parts of the body in such a way to face the net, next weight moved forward.

Brief contact with the ball once, arms and hands are used hit pause after making contact with the ball, then passed motions such that the arm swung down through the other leg.

    4. Jump Service

Jump Serve is one powerful weapon to disrupt the opponent's attack combination, a team requires a minimum of 2 s / d 3 people jump servers that can disrupt the rhythm of the game opponents.

The advantage of using the jump serve is:

o Can be dropped opponent mentally

o Made the opponent to build attacks

o Make it easier to do a dam blockers

o Facilitate defender work

Jump Serve Technique:

o Prefix ± 4 steps, it is to get enough power.

o Jump in step 4 to the outside of the back line and crashed in the field.

o pitch from behind but not from the side of the body to be seen and easily control the round ball forward.

o The swing arm as did Spike Ball High (Open Spike).

o Step three new balls thrown up, after performing step once again, the server jump and hit the ball.

o The movement should be harmonious and sustainable and consistent as spike movements, not jerky.

    C. Various Techniques and Implementation of Smash

The process of doing a smash can be divided into: Prefix, repulsion, Jumped, Batting and landing.

o Prefix

Standing with one foot behind the agreement with the individual (depending Smasher Smasher normal or left-handed). Step foot one step forward (good player, can take as much as 2 square ² to 4 steps), the arms began to move backward, ² weight gradually lowered to help repulsion.

o Rejection

Step foot further, until your feet almost parallel and one foot on the brakes a little bit forward motion forward and as preparation towards vertical jump. Swing your arms backward over a limited ability, legs bent so that your knees make angles ± 110 º, the agency is ready to jump with more weight rests on the front foot.

o Jumped

Begin jumping with heel & toe stomping the floor and swing both arms forward on both feet while pushing upward. Soles of the feet, wrists, hips and torso is a series of motion-driven matching perfect. Vertical leap and explosive movements.

o Hit the Ball

Distance in front of the ball on the paddle arm's length, immediately arm backward and quickly head  fore arm's length the longest and highest of the ball. Hit the ball as fast and as high as possible, ball with the palm of the hand just above the center of the upper ball. Active wrist snaps forward with palms and fingers to close the ball. After ball bat sleeves make further movement towards the center line of the body by bending gestures followed. Crack motion arms, hands, body, hands and feet have not hit the explosive to maintain harmony and balance while in the air. Will produce the correct punch hard & fast ball down the floor.

o Landed

landed with both feet. Bending the knee upon landing to reduce foot to the floor, landing with a finger sq foot (front foot) and forward leaning posture. Try to place both feet landing about the same as the current place jumping.

Various Smash.

1. Open

Bat do the motion prefix after a loose ball from the hands of the feeder, the ball struck the arm dipuncak jump and reach the highest.

2. Semi-

After a loose ball towards feeders, bat should start moving slowly forward with fixed step moving towards the feeder. Once the feeder serves the ball to a height of 1m above the edge of the net then immediately jump up and bat hit the ball. Here the movement speed should be faster than the smash with the ball Open

3. Quick

When he saw the ball to the feeder, then the batsman did prefix as quickly as possible, with a long stride. Timing jumped before the ball fed to a distance of one arm's reach with a ball bat to be fed. Bat hovering with hands ready to strike, feeders serving the ball right in front of the hand beater. Do it as fast as punch with his ², a quick wrist motion very good results. Smasher vertical jump, keep your body balance while hovering.

4. Straight

Smasher before the motion prefix, first off-field moves towards the net close to the pole, moving toward Smasher perform parallel prefix with nets. Once the ball to the limits of the edge of the net with optimal height of the ball, immediately jumped up and started beating immediately. This technique processes run faster than smash the ball spring.

5. Drive

Smash is usually used by the player to the ball away from the net, while jumping Smasher somewhat close under the ball, in contrast to normal when jumping on smash. Smash the ball to be located above the right shoulder sleeve bat. Crack motion of the hand towards the front of the upper body are rotated counter-clockwise, the palms form a basin like a spoon. Hard lashes, ball towards the back of the face with the palm of the hand, wrist movement switch. Lashes should be assisted by the movement ² abdominal muscles, side and shoulder. Due lashes will curve the ball a long way and round the ball away from the net, moving the ball quickly and sharply.

6. Dummy

Players do the same movement at the time was about to do a smash, but the contact time with the ball, the ball was not hit but touched it with his fingers. Bat sleeve to keep moving and the finger movements to direct the ball bat to place the place unguarded opponent. The ball bounced to short or long depending on the situation.

7. Ball 3 meters

This is a smash attack from behind the attack line, which serves as a hitter when the repulsion defender must not step on or over the line of attack, but at the time of landing may have fallen in the line of attack.

8. Deer

Usually feed the ball back, bat do the step length and repulsion stepping up with one leg, right hand batsman refused with the left foot.

9. Double Step

Smash using feinting, here hitter made two motions to jump repulsion. The first repercussion is only a ploy to outwit the block, the new batsman in both jumping and repelling attacks.

10. Step L

Smash is about the same as a normal smash, but the movement is different prefix. Hitter to step forward, then do step aside before repulsion, then jumps up to attack.



CHAPTER 3


CLOSING


A. Conclusion

Of multiple descriptions and explanations that have been mentioned above then it can be the authors conclude that the subject of physical education and health, students are able to practice the basic techniques in the sport as well as the value of cooperation, tolerance, confidence, honesty, courage, respect opponents, work hard, and accept defeat, and can apply a healthy way of life and clean.

B. ADVICE
We as authors of this paper, so hoping for any suggestions - suggestions and criticism to our readers in order to build respect in the future to be better in confirming proper grooves is less satisfactory for the task that we performed.

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